What is “natural law” and how should it affect mental health decision making?

A key factor demonstrating the bond between law and ethics is natural law theory. An integral part of the precepts forming the foundation for the United States Constitution, this approach views natural law as consisting of the principle of practical rationality. Thus,
according to natural law theory, all persons tend to possess an “intrinsic directedness toward the various good that the natural law enjoins us to pursue,” and this includes at least in some but not all interpretations of natural law the recognition that it is a product of divine providence. Just as importantly, natural law assumes that its precepts are knowable to human beings. For those natural law theorists who look to practical, rational discourse and human behavioral tendencies to understand the development of moral precepts, there is a clear line of connection between natural law and the development of ethics and ethical codes.

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